The 12th Five year plan target of the hottest wind

2022-08-08
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How to solve the chronic disease of "multi dragon water control" when the goal of offshore wind power in the 12th Five Year Plan is to be lost

the goal of the 12th Five Year Plan for offshore wind power seems to be an impossible task. In the remaining months, even if the 4million kW projects approved in the early stage are completed by leaps and bounds, there is still a certain gap from the 5million kW goal. The goal of the 12th Five Year Plan for offshore wind power seems to be an impossible task. In the remaining months, even if the 4million kW projects approved in the early stage are completed by leaps and bounds, there is still a certain gap from the goal of 50 million KW with good power performance

after several years of failure, offshore wind power is brewing to speed up

recently, the National Energy Administration announced the national offshore wind power development and construction plan () (hereinafter referred to as the plan), and 44 offshore wind power projects with a total capacity of 10.53 million KW were included in the development and construction plan. The government sent a clear signal to speed up offshore wind power, which caused a shock in the industry

in the 12th Five Year Plan for wind power development, the installed capacity of offshore wind power will reach 30million kW by 2020. Offshore wind power is a major part of China's energy strategy. In contrast to the onshore wind power, which has gone smoothly with the wind and water and easily exceeded the planning objectives, the offshore wind power has seriously lagged behind in the key content of the training of 8 industrial innovation and development service institutions

during the two sessions this year, Li Xiaolin, the first sister of the power industry, proposed to directly attack the four difficulties faced by offshore wind power: first, the strategic planning work is lagging behind, second, the localization process of core equipment is slow, third, the development and coordination are difficult, and fourth, the electricity price and subsidy mechanism still need to be continuously optimized and improved

as Li Xiaolin's proposal said, the development of China's offshore wind power is indeed faced with many constraints, the approval and supervision are chaotic, and the development is almost stagnant. Facing the dilemma of seriously falling behind the planning objectives, how can the development of offshore wind power suit the remedy to the case and solve the chronic disease of the industry

it is difficult to implement the objectives of the 12th Five Year Plan

from the development of wind power in recent years, the polarization between land and sea is very different. The onshore wind power has leapt forward blindly and suffered from the pain of abandoning the wind; However, the progress of offshore wind power is slow, and it is difficult to open the situation for a long time

according to the data from China Wind Energy Association, as of 2013, the installed capacity of offshore wind power in China was 428.6mw, accounting for only about 0.5% of the total installed capacity of wind power in China at that time. The 12th Five Year Plan for wind power development aims to achieve an installed capacity of 5million kW by 2015 and 30million kW by 2020. Wukezhong, a researcher of Huaxia energy, believes that the 12th Five Year Plan for offshore wind power seems to be an impossible task now that the 12th Five Year Plan has come to an end

according to the public data, by the end of 2014, the cumulative installed capacity of offshore wind power was less than 500000 kW, less than 1/10 of the target of the 12th Five Year Plan. In the remaining months, even if the 4million kW project approved in the early stage suddenly flew heavy, fire, alarm and personal injury would be very dangerous When cleaning, we can use the vacuum cleaner to remove the indoor dust, and then we can complete the whole project. There is still a certain gap from the target of 5million kW

perhaps they have foreseen the difficulties, and the national energy administration and the national development and Reform Commission have begun to make frequent efforts in policy. In june2014, the national development and Reform Commission first determined the benchmark electricity price for offshore wind power, specifying that the electricity price for offshore wind power projects put into operation before 2017 is 0.85 yuan per kilowatt hour, and that for intertidal wind power projects is 0.75 yuan per kilowatt hour. Trying to reassure enterprises on the controversial electricity price issue

however, it seems that the industry does not appreciate this, and its performance is quite calm. Research data show that the cost of offshore wind power is currently maintained at about 15200 yuan/kW, about twice that of onshore wind power. Theoretically, the price of offshore wind power should also be twice that of onshore wind power. Therefore, in the case of difficult cost reduction, compared with the onshore wind power price of 0.5 yuan/kW, offshore wind power does not have much competitive advantage. It is no wonder that the bid winning enterprises have been following the wind around the sea, but the project has not started yet

it is difficult for duolong to solve the chronic water disease.

offshore wind power has been stagnant for a long time, which is related to the chronic water disease of duolong for many years

it is understood that the approval of offshore wind power and light projects involves many ministries and commissions, such as the national energy administration, the maritime safety administration, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of environmental protection, the Ministry of transport and so on. The approval functions are overlapping and the rights and responsibilities are different, which often leads to multiple project approval orders. Even if it finally passes through the level by level checkpoints of various departments, it is necessary to obtain the construction permit from the local marine competent department of the project

different from onshore wind power, offshore wind power also involves marine fishery, military sea use and other issues. Each department has its own interests to consider, so it is difficult to coordinate. Wukezhong, a researcher of Huaxia Energy Research Institute, founded by the University of Sunderland in 2014, believes that in some areas that rely on coastal industries as the main economic pillar, there are basically mature marine economic industry chains, and local governments will not easily hand over valuable offshore, tidal flats and other places. Therefore, the new energy of offshore wind power, which was originally high, will not necessarily be welcomed, or even excluded and obstructed, Thus, the preliminary work cycle of the project is prolonged

Yi Yuechun, deputy chief engineer of the General Institute of hydropower and water resources planning and design, once disclosed that the period for obtaining the permit for sea area use demonstration of offshore wind power projects, passing the marine environmental impact assessment and navigation safety demonstration generally takes more than 2 years. Such a tedious and long approval cycle has directly dragged down the project progress

in the first batch of offshore wind power concession bidding projects, it took several years to approve only one project, which virtually increased the cost. Now, it has been more than several years since the results of the first round of concession bidding announced in 2010, but the construction of the project has not yet started, and offshore wind power has not taken a substantive step

at the end of the 12th Five Year Plan period, there is little suspense about the failure of offshore wind power planning goals. It is not easy to achieve leapfrog development in the 13th Five Year Plan period? Years of development lessons show that no matter how big the industrial cake is, the system and mechanism problems are not straightened out, which will inevitably lead to the imbalance of industrial development

EU proposes that the installed capacity of offshore wind power will reach 40 GW by 2020. According to the statistics of foreign authorities, in 2013, the installed capacity of offshore wind power in the UK reached 3.67 GW, Denmark 1.23 GW, Belgium 565500 kW and Germany 508000 kW. China's combined capacity can only rank fifth. These small European countries are stronger than China in offshore wind energy development. Now, offshore wind power has ushered in a rare period of development opportunities. China needs to seize the opportunities, make progress while maintaining stability, and seek breakthrough development of offshore wind power

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